All of our Windows, Doors & Staircases can be made in a wide variety of timbers.
Softwoods come from evergreen coniferous trees which have needled leaves and are cone bearing such as Pine, Cedar and Fir. There are many sub types within these groups such as Pitch Pine which can have the appearance of Oak.
Softwood makes up approximately 80% of the worlds production of timber and is typically used in construction, as a structural form and as a finishing timber. In both groups, there is an enormous variation of hardness. The woods of Longleaf pine and Douglas fir are much harder in the mechanical sense than several hardwoods, but are technically softwoods.
Some examples of softwoods include Pine, Redwood and Larch.
The terminology of hardwood to softwood is not necessarily correct, as evergreens tend to be less dense than deciduous trees which makes them easier to cut.
Hardwoods come from deciduous trees which have broad leaves, the main types used are Beech, Birch, Elm, Ash, Oak, Cherry, Walnut, Mahogany, Meranti, Sapele, Teak, Iroko and Obeche. Some of these trees are grown in more northern climates such as the Oak, Cherry, Beech and Elm whereas others are grow in warmer and sometimes moist climates such as Mahogany and Meranti.
Generally, hardwoods have a higher density and hardness than softwood though there is a lot of variation within these timber groups, for example, Balsa wood, used for model making is soft and light yet is a hardwood. Yew, classed as a softwood is harder than many hardwoods. In the main, hardwoods are more resistant to decay and can be used externally, whereas softwoods are better used in internal situations.
The intricate structure of hardwoods is often much slower to grow because of their complexity. The dominant feature which hardwoods have, which separate the two prominently, is the presence of vessels, or pores. These vessels differ in size, shape and structure.
As the name suggests, the tree is commonly harder than a softwood. There is a common misconception that this is the only variance, but there are other differences of note. In both groups, there are dissimilarities of denseness in woods, with a range in density in hardwoods, also including that of softwoods.